Fire




  • Fire is a chemical reaction that releases light and heat.

  • Substances combine with oxygen in the air, combusting with a flame and often smoke.

  • Fires require fuel, oxygen and heat to burn.

  • Different types of fuel include coal, oil and wood.

  • Flames are the part of a fire which we can see, they can be different colors, depending on the substance which is burning.

  • A candle flame typically burns at around 1000 degrees Celsius (1800 Fahrenheit).

  • Fire is very dangerous to humans as it can easily burn or blister skin. It is important to take safety precautions when using fire.

  • Fire is also very useful to humans for lighting, heating, cooking and more.

  • Scientists believe that humans began using fire to cook food in a controlled way around 1 million years ago.

  • Forest fires can be extremely destructive and are dangerous to both humans and wildlife.

  • Fires are also an important ecological process that can stimulate growth.

  • Fires can be stopped in 3 different ways:


  • Removing the fuel source by exhausting it or taking it away.

  • Removing the oxygen by smothering the fire.

  • Removing the heat by absorbing it with water.

  • Fire extinguishers are often used to control fires by discharging water, foams, carbon dioxide, dry chemicals or other substances.